In the present global industrial scenario, where a fatal mistake can be catastrophic, safety is important especially in high risk areas such as
nuclear, aircraft, chemical, oil and gases, and mining industries, as it
safeguards human life. Industrial Safety reduces risks to people, and
processes?. Usually, process control and safety systems are merged. It is not
only an important human resources issue to maintaining a safe and healthy
working environment , it’s the law. The employees need to understand health and
safety risks, whether they’re entry-level workers, seasoned veterans,
supervisors, or plant managers, the steps they need to take to minimize those
risks, and common safety standards and compliance procedures.
It is necessary to inculcate safety culture, for
any industry to be successful. The significance of Safety & Health in
chemical industries in achieving productivity and an edge in the competitive
world has been a vital issue. Therefore, it is an urgent task to establish a
systematic approach to safety in the use of chemicals at work.
A chemical plant is
an industrial process usually on a large scale that manufactures or processes chemicals. The objective of a chemical plant is generally to
create new material via the chemical or biological transformation or separation
of materials. Specialized equipment are used by the chemical plants which are units,
and technology in the manufacturing process. Other kinds of plants, such as
polymer, pharmaceutical, food, and some beverage production facilities, power
plants, oil refineries or other refineries, natural gas processing and biochemical plants, water and wastewater treatment,
and pollution control equipment
use many technologies that have similarities to chemical plant technology such
as fluid systems and chemical reactor systems
1.2.Importance of safety in chemical plant
The chemical industry creates a huge variety of products
which impacts on virtually every aspect of our lives.
Safety must be considered as the top agenda for the chemical
industry’s. During their manufacturing and transportation many of its products
are potentially hazardous. These chemicals could be solids, liquids or gases,
flammable, explosive, corrosive or toxic. The industry operates within the
safety limits demanded by national and international legislation, since the manufacturing
processes frequently involve high temperatures, high pressures, and reactions which
can be dangerous unless carefully controlled and monitored.
Safety becomes first and the foremost considerations due to
the following reasons:
protects workers, employers and all people in the plant including
strangers from illness, injuries or death.
survival of company’s business.
prevents company’s property and facility from damage.
enhances company’s reputation.
teaches people in the plant how to work safely.
helps company to achieve its targets and objective.
company away from law suits and penalties..
will be avoided from unnecessary cost.
keeps workers awareness alive.
teaches everyone in the plant to pay attention to their workplaces and
keeps customer’s confidence to do business with the company.
program is a cost-effective decision for the company.
is able to reduce employee’s turn over and increase productivity.
can prevent production process interruption and shut down.