For South China Sea conflict. For Singapore,

For
South China Sea dispute, ASEAN, before and even now, still failed to emphasize
any peaceful resolution concerning this issue. In 1992, ASEAN declaration which
called all concerned parties in Southeast Asia to promote balance of power. One
of the Hereby declare has state that ” The parties concerned undertake to
resolve their territorial and jurisdictional disputes by peaceful means,
without resorting to the threat or use of force, through friendly consultation
and negotiations by sovereignty states directly, in accordance with universally
recognized principles of international law, including the 1982 UN Convention on
the Law of the Sea”. (DECLARATION ON THE CONDUCT OF
PARTIES IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA, 2012). However, it was no
use in 1995 when China sent navy troops and captured 35 Philippines fishermen.
To response back, Philippine also sent navy troop and captured Chinese
structures and fishing boats in the area. Moreover, for ASEAN, this conflict is
such a dilemma between further integration and preservation of national
sovereignty. Therefore, the difficult enduring problem lies on state level
which means that each member face the difficulty whether to value its own
nation interest or to delegate sovereignty to ASEAN’s decision making
mechanism. To be more specific, Cambodia economy is relied too much on China so
Cambodia chose to stay out of this dispute. Moreover, Lao is also another
example that its interdependence economic with China is translated into
political position concerning the South China Sea conflict. For Singapore,
China is its second largest import and export partner. Because of its economic
cooperation, Singapore has been maintaining neutral role in this dispute. In
addition, Vietnam, the major ASEAN claimant, has been the largest trading
partner with China since 2004. Over 30 percent of Vietnam import came from
China in 2014 which is reflected that despite the conflict with China, Vietnam
could not cooperate with US and Philippine to balance China. Furthermore, even
though Philippine is the strongest opponent against China, this country under
Rodrigo Duterte chose to open to Chinese investment for expensive
infrastructure project. Through the interaction of Asia members with China, it
is really affects to their reaction over South China Sea dispute which can
prevent ASEAN to reach consensus. Basically, not only ASEAN members that post
the concern of unsolved South China Sea dispute but also organization itself.
Within ASEAN, there is no leadership who can direct ASEAN member states to
toward united position. Eventually, this international conflict still post huge
concerned for ASEAN since it pushes all the clashes of interest of its members and
also directly show that ASEAN as regional intergovernmental organization is
ineffective to deal with conflict.