Emissions the Earth that can be very

Emissions from the Sun create conditions in the Earth that can be very beneficial
to the survival of mankind and the planet itself. Without the Sun’s heat and light, the Earth would
be a lifeless ball of ice-coated rock. The Sun warms our seas, stirs our atmosphere, generates
our weather patterns, and gives energy to the growing green plants that provide the food and
oxygen for life on Earth1
. Life as we know it would not be possible without the sun’s presence and
its giving off heat and light enabling the underlying networks of life to function the way they should
be. However, despite the advantages of energy being emitted, the sun carries an unfavorable
effects that could potentially destroy the Earth and only few know about this—that there are other
less obvious aspects of how the Sun interacts and affects Earth. Ones that are never ever a good
news.
Eruptions explode in the sun’s hot atmosphere, the corona, sending light and high
energy particles out into space. Sun produced these high energy charged particles on the Earth
from all directions stretching into the deep space. This activity is termed as solar wind which is
described as the endless stream of particles like electrons and protons that the sun constantly
emits. Solar winds are geomagnetic storms formed by these charged particles radiated by the
outer atmosphere of the sun (Lee, 2017). It is of paramount importance to know that this powerful
force of the solar wind interacting with our planet have profound effects on our environment here
on Earth, initially caused by an explosive event on the sun’s coronal mass ejection. This particular
coronal mass ejection blasted billions of tons of electrically charged particles directly at Earth,
inducing electrical charges (Pbslearningmedia.org, n.d.). This electrical activity can damage our
power distribution systems. When the sun blasts this plasma into space, it rockets at speed
greater than 450 kilometers per second which is more than a millions miles per hour. It is traveling
so fast that it takes about three days for this plasma to reach Earth with several billion tons of
plasma shot out in these explosions.
The good news is that as this material races through space, it spreads out and by
the time it reaches Earth, only a fraction of the sun’s plasma impacts the Earth’s magnetosphere.
A region of force field against the highly destructive magnetically charged high energy winds. Not
only Earth has this, but each planet in the solar system has its own magnetic field, which can
deflect the geomagnetic effects of solar winds. As these charged particles rain into the ionosphere and upper atmosphere above the poles, they release tremendous amounts of energy as they
react with the gases in the Earth’s atmosphere. This chemical reaction gives those living in
northern and southern latitudes a beautiful yet eerie light show called Aurora Borealis or Aurora
Australis. But, these particles have effects that aren’t so beautiful. When the Earth’s magnetic
field is pushed and pulled by this onslaught of solar plasma, it creates huge power fluctuations.
These fluctuations can affect power lines, overloading and damaging power transformers, tripping
circuit breakers and causing anything from flickering lights to widespread and potentially power
outages. Solar storms also interfere with television and telephone signals, airplane and ship
navigation. And, as the magnetosphere gets pushed and pulled by the impact of solar plasma,
massive electrical charges are generated in space where satellites orbit the Earth. This can cause
a huge electrical charge to build up on the outer surface of satellites. If this electrical charge
discharges inside the satellite, it can cripple or destroy it. And what about the men and women
astronauts working in space, outside the protective cover of the space shuttle and the space
station? They could be in grave danger if caught unaware by a solar storm. Not only must
astronauts be concerned about the buildup of electrical charges, but solar storms could bring a
lot of harmful radiation with them.
To that end, magnetic field has a huge role for protecting us and our precious
atmosphere from the dangers of the cosmos, serving as the planet’s invisible superpower to
withstand the incessant onslaught of the solar wind and the cosmic rays.