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Both the Taj Mahal and Mosque of Selim II have their similarities and differences. The architect of the Taj Mahal is Ustad Ahmad Lahori. It was built in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India between 1632 and 1653 C.E. The Mosque of Selim II was built by Mimar Sinan, in Edirne Turkey between 1568 and 1575 C.E. Both mosques contain the elements of art, line, shape, color, value, and texture. In the Taj Mahal, line is visible within the bricks, shape is shown throughout the whole building especially the dome, color is shown in the red wall surrounding the Taj Mahal, value is visible within the slightly different colored bricks, texture is seen on the front of the building within the intricately carved designs. In the Mosque of Selim II, line, shape, and color are all shown on the ceiling of the central dome, although they are all visible widely throughout the complex. Value is also shown within the ceiling, you can see that there are different values of blues and yellows, and texture is shown outside of the building on the dome and the minarets. Both of the complexes contain the principles of design balance, emphasis, movement, pattern, and rhythm. In the Taj Mahal balance is shown within the symmetry of the building, emphasis is visible within the central dome, movement is visible where the river in front of the Taj Mahal leads your eye to the entrance of the building, pattern is shown in the carvings on the entrance, and rhythm is shown within the repetition of the patterns throughout the building. In the Mosque of Selim II, balance is shown within the symmetry of the design on the ceiling, there is emphasis on the center of the circular ceiling design, movement is visible within the circular shape of the design on the ceiling, pattern is shown within the zig-zag lines within the archways, and rhythm is also shown within the many different patterns shown throughout the building. The Taj Mahal was made by masons, marble workers, mosaicists, and decorators that worked under the close supervision of Ustad Ahmad Lahori. It is mostly made of white marble which symbolizes purity of faith. The rectangular complex runs roughly 1860 feet on the north-south axis, and 1000 feet on the east-west axis. There are 4 minarets surrounding the Taj Mahal, each 162.5 ft tall. The Mosque of Selim II is made of brick and stone and measures 190 x 130 meters. The central dome is surrounded by 4 minarets, each 200 feet tall. Taj Mahal was made to house the tomb of Emperor Shah Jahan’s favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It was meant to convey the message of his love for her and show his power. Taj Mahal is known as an architectural symbol of love. The Mosque of Selim II is an Islamic mosque that also has two symmetrical square madrasas (one that served as a college for studying the hadiths, or traditions of the Prophet Muhammad), a row of shops (arasta), and a school for learning the recitation of the Quran located to the west. While conventional mosques were usually limited by a segmented interior, Sinan’s goal was to create a structure that made it possible to see the mihrab from any location within the mosque. The two mosques were created for completely different reasons.Mumtaz Mahal’s tomb is part of a massive complex that includes a mosque and a guest house and is also set in formal gardens surrounded by a wall on three sides. There are Qur’anic verses inscribed on the walls of the building and designs inlaid with semi-precious stones(coral, onyx, carnelian, amethyst, and lapis lazuli). In Hindu faith, the lotus flowers represent creation and holiness and the dome of the Taj Mahal represents the throw of Allah, this is where he sits and judges humankind. There are also very intricate floral designs, many tessellations, and arabesque can also be found throughout the building. The Mosque of Selim II consists of a rectangular, nearly square prayer hall and, on the north side, a courtyard with porticoes, which are structures that contain a roof supported by columns at regular intervals, typically attached as a porch to a building. There are three entrances to the courtyard (north, east, and west).There is also a 12-sided fountain in the center of the complex. The difference between the two mosque’s is the Taj Mahal symbolizes stability, power, love, and confidence and the Mosque of Selim II has no symbolic meaning.The reason for why the Taj Mahal was built is during Shah Jahan’s third regnal year, his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal, died due to complications while giving birth to their fourteenth child. The Emperor was very sad about this and wanted a final resting place for his wife. The Taj Mahal was built in Agra because that is where Shah Jahan took the throne in 1628. Shah Jahan is the patron of the Taj Mahal. The Mosque of Selim II was built in Edirne, Turkey. Not only was Edirne one of Selim II’s favorite cities, but it also has historical and geographic significance. Edirne was the capital of the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century before Istanbul and was the second city of the Empire during the 17th century. Edirne was also the first major city that Europeans traveling to the Ottoman Empire reached, so building the large complex here offered the Sultan an opportunity to use architecture to impress the Ottoman Empire’s greatness upon visitors. Selim II is the patron. There are multiple differences and similarities between the Taj Mahal and the Mosque of Selim II. For example, Taj Mahal was made as a sort of tomb for the Shah’s deceased wife and Sinan’s goal for the Mosque of Selim II was to create a structure that made it possible to see the mihrab from any location within the mosque. For example, a similarity between the two mosque’s is both of them were built for someone of royalty or high power. Shah Jahan was the fifth Mughal Emperor who reigned from 1628 to 1658 and Selim II was the Sultan (meaning “strength”, “authority”, “rulership”) of the Ottoman Empire from 1566 until his death in 1574.