10. a new program called “National Program

10. Life ExpectancyThe average woman in India lives for 70.1 years. The average man in India lives for 67.6 years. The 4-5 year gap in lifespan by gender in favor of woman were investigated. It was found that cardiovascular risks were responsible for a mortality that is 5 times higher and a morbidity that is three times higher when comparing men to women. One reason why the incidence of cardiovascular disease is lower in women can be explained by the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. Cardiac output increases by 20% in the second half of the menstrual cycle and in pregnancy. In the time when a woman is pregnant it creates optimal cardiovascular compliance which can be comparable to someone who exercises daily. This explains why the incidence of cardiovascular disease is greater in men than women before menopause and after the menopause. The average American woman lives for 81.2 years. The average American man lives for 76.3 years. This means that the average American woman lives 11 years longer that the average Indian woman. Similarly, the average American man lives 9 years longer than the average Indian man.  Why is there such a large difference? There is an ever-rising burden of cardiovascular disease in India, and to battle that the government has taken some action and created a new program called “National Program for Prevention and Control of Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke(NPDCS)”. The motive of the program is is to prevent and control non-communicable disease(NCDs) risks. The United States has done many things, so that it’s country can stay healthy and fit. One of them was The Clean Air Act which is a U.S. federal law designed to control air pollution at a national level. The program successfully lowered levels of six common pollutants – particles, ozone, lead, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide – as well as other toxic pollutants. Because of The Clean Air Act, Americans breathe less pollution and don’t face risks of premature death and other serious health effects that can be contracted through pollution in the air.There are many social issues that might interfere with a long-life span. Socio-economic differences  leading to poor access to health care, consumption of unhealthy foods, living in unhygienic environments, addiction to drugs & alcohol, air and water pollution are just some of the social differences that can interfere with a long-life span. Sources for Life Expectancy:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17324494https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/12/08/504667607/life-expectancy-in-u-s-drops-for-first-time-in-decades-report-findshttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3893940/www.epa.gov